语言学家有一句经典的名言:“没有语法只能传达很少(注意是很少)的信息,没有词汇则什么也无法传达。单词量越大的同学在阅读理解中看懂的部分就越多,正确率就越大。所以上考场前一定要备好足够的单词哦。今天文都四六级 为大家整理2020年上半年大学英语四级单词 词汇讲解:that,希望对您有所帮助。

that

A complicating factor is that merit aid has become so popular v}rith middle-income families, who don't qualify for need-based aid,that many have come todepend on it.

英语四级译文:

一个复杂的因素是,奖学金已经受到那些不符合助学金条件的中等收入家庭的欢迎,很多人开始依赖奖学金了。

四级词汇讲解:

本句的主干是factor is that。句中第一个that引导的是表语从句;该表语从句中包含so...that…的句型结构,其中that引导的是结果状语从句;而两个逗号之间who所引导的是middle-income families的非限制性定语从句。

become popular with的意思是“受……的喜爱,欢迎”,也可以说be popular with。如:

This young teacher is popular with students.这位年轻的老师很受学生的喜爱。

qualify for的意思是“有资格,有权(要求)”。如:

He doesn't qualify for unemployment benefit.他没有资格获得失业救济金。

come to do sth.的意思是“逐渐开始做某事”。如:

They have finally come to believe that.他们终于开始相信那件事了。

depend on的意思是“依靠,依赖”。如:

Children always depend on their parents,孩子们总是依赖父母。

英语四级考点归纳:

so...that...意为“太,以至于”,常用句型为“主语+谓语+so+adj./adv.+that从句”,以so... that...引导的结果状语从句可以转换成带不定式的简单句,即可转换为...enough to...或too...to...句型,但这种转换必须符合下列条件:

※ 当主句和从句的主语一致,且that从句是肯定句时,可用...enough to...来替换。如:

The man is so strong that he can lift the heavy box.=The man is strong enough to lift the heavybox.这个人非常强壮,可以抬起很重的箱子。

※ 当主句和从句的主语不一致,且that从句是肯定句时,可以用...enough for sb. to do sth.来替换,但须注意不定式的宾语要省略。如:

The question is so easy that I can work it out.=The question is easy enough for me to work out.这个问题很容易,我能解答出来。

※ 当主句和从句的主语一致,且that从句是否定句时,可以用too...to...来替换。如:

I was so tired that I couldn't go on with the work.=I was too tired to go on with the work.我太累了,没法继续工作。

※ 当主句和从句的主语不一致,且that从句是否定句时,如果要用too...to...替换so...that... ,需用介词for引出动词不定式的逻辑主语,即用too...for sb. to do sth.来替换,注意不定式的宾语要省略。如:

It is so hot that we can't sleep. = It is too hot for us to sleep.天气太热了,我们无法入睡。

文都四六级 希望以上的分享能够真正帮助到正在复习备考的同学们,在复习过程中同学们一定不要松懈,稳扎稳打,从背单词开始。文都四六级 也会一直陪伴大家,最后预祝大家取得优异的成绩!

更多内容点击:

2020年上半年大学英语四级词汇表汇总

【责任编辑:lyt】